2 Tim 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.
Paul, speaking by the Holy Spirit of God, commands to us who are in Christ Jesus, that we are to be ready to share the gospel at any time. To reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.
To reprove; elegchō, to convict to bring to the light, to expose; to find fault with, to correct with a suggestion of shame of the person convicted. Being told the correct way, warning someone of error and the results of such actions.
Prov 9:8 Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee: rebuke a wise man, and he will love thee.
Convict of sin and show the right way
John 16:7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.
John 16:8 And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
Eph 5:11 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them.
Eph 5:12 For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret.
Rebuke; epitimaō, to tax with fault, rate, chide, rebuke, reprove, censure severely; to admonish or charge sharply. To admonish with the authority of God's word. Rebuke is a more urgent correction, first reprove and then rebuke if the reprove is not heeded.
Be careful when you rebuke another
Lev 19:17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.
1 Tim 5:1 Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren;
People are sometimes quick to rebuke over perceived differences in doctrine. The Bible should be opened to prove a point, before rebuking, arguing and debating; for these things produce strife and do not convince of sin.
Psa 38:1 A Psalm of David, to bring to remembrance. O LORD, rebuke me not in thy wrath: neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.
Isa 25:8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it.
The Lord rebukes satan for us
Zec 3:1 And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.
Zec 3:2 And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?
Zec 3:3 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel.
Zec 3:4 And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment.
Jude 1:8 Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.
Jude 1:9 Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.
Jude 1:10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.
Titus 2:11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,
Titus 2:12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
Titus 2:15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.
exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.
Exhort; parakaleō, to call to one's side, call for, summon; to admonish, to beg, entreat, beseech. To receive consolation, be comforted, to encourage, strengthen, to instruct, to teach. We are to take one aside to show them the correct way in all longsuffering and doctrine. All that we do in ministry should be through the leading of the Holy Spirit and the word of God.
Peter exhorted the Jews and many were converted
Acts 2:40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.
Acts 2:41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
Acts 2:42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.
Paul exhorted the Thessalonians
1 Th 4:1 Furthermore then we beseech you, brethren, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus, that as ye have received of us how ye ought to walk and to please God, so ye would abound more and more.
1 Th 4:2 For ye know what commandments we gave you by the Lord Jesus.
1 Th 4:3 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:
1 Th 4:4 That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour;
1 Th 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:
Exhorting to pray
1 Tim 2:1 I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men;
2 Tim 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;
2 Tim 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.
2 Tim 4:5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.
Afflictions; pathēma, externally, a suffering, misfortune, calamity, evil; also the afflictions which Christians must undergo in behalf of the same cause which Christ patiently endured; internally, an enduring, undergoing, suffering.
Psa 34:19 Many are the afflictions of the righteous: but the LORD delivereth him out of them all.
afflictions of the gospel
2 Tim 1:8 Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God;
2 Tim 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
2 Cor 12:9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.
2 Cor 12:10 Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
Do the work of an evangelist; a bringer of the gospel; a preacher of salvation in Christ Jesus.
Acts 21:8 And the next day we that were of Paul's company departed, and came unto Caesarea: and we entered into the house of Philip the evangelist, which was one of the seven; and abode with him.
The seven deacons included evangelists: Philip and Stephan
Acts 6:2 Then the twelve called the multitude of the disciples unto them, and said, It is not reason that we should leave the word of God, and serve tables.
Acts 6:3 Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business.
Acts 6:4 But we will give ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry of the word.
Acts 6:5 And the saying pleased the whole multitude: and they chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolas a proselyte of Antioch:
Stephan, an evangelist was martyred
Acts 6:8 And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and miracles among the people.
Acts 6:9 Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen.
Acts 6:10 And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake.
A certain man is on the way to destruction; his soul is away from God and he is in danger of falling into a great sin. We reprove him showing in the Bible his error and showing him the results of his actions. We rebuke him if he does not respond, perhaps with urgency to receive and follow Jesus; warning him of an eternity in hell. We exhort, we show that we care about him, coming alongside with open Bible and illustrations to encourage him to go in the right way. We do the work of an evangelist, preaching the good news of Jesus, our redeemer. Teaching is part of the process to convince through God's word that he can repent and be saved from sin and death. If he repents, a soul is saved from wrath.
LORD, help us to be your instruments to save and not to destroy others. Our inactivity may cause another to continue in sin and be destroyed by the devil. Awaken us to our duty and responsibility to be ready at any time to preach the word, with loving care, as you would, with your heart of love towards them. Give us the heart of an evangelist and help us to train them, making disciples of Jesus Christ. In Jesus I pray, amen.